If you are a fun of exploration of caves, you must have heard of spelunking and caving. But, if you are not quite familiar with them, they are words of interest that are worth knowing about. A more in-depth look at these words reveals that there are fundamental differences between them, though they might be used interchangeably.
The Origin of the term spelunking
Generally, spelunking refers to the practice of exploring caves for fun or as a hobby. The word spelunking came from different terms, for example, speleological and speleologist. They were in use in the latter years of the 19th century. The words were passed over to English from French.
The French had gotten the words from the Latin phrase spelaeum, which meant a cave or a den. The word spelaeum had been derived from the Greek word spelaion, which meant a cave. It was in the early 1940s that the word spelunker came along in the US. Spelunker refers to a person who explores caves as a pastime. Thus, the verb spelunking means the activity of exploring caves for leisure.
In the realm of caving, a spelunker refers to an untrained, inexperienced explorer. In this regard, the word spelunking refers to the untrained or unprofessional act of touring caves.
The Origin of the word caving
The word caving originates from the Latin word cavea or cavern, which refers to a cave. Just like it is for spelunking, caving refers to the exploration of caves. The difference, however, is in the way they are described and their connotations. In the 1960s, people in the caving circles started to see caving as being more professional as opposed to spelunking. This means that a caver has more skills than a spelunker.
Spelunking vs. Caving: A Detailed Description
Though spelunking and caving might appear to have the same meaning since both involve the exploration of caves, there are fundamental differences in their description.
The skill level happens to be one of the aspects that bring the difference between the two. In today’s caving circles, spelunking does not require one to be skilled in caving to participate in it. Hence, spelunkers don’t need to develop any proficiency in cave touring for them to participate in spelunking. Some caves don’t even need explorers to have guides. You can walk through on your own. In this regard, the correct term to use is spelunking.
On the other hand, cavers describe caving as requiring one to be highly skilled in exploring caves. Some caves are not easy to walk through, so a caver has to be experienced enough to know how to navigate through. Concerning the level of skill that goes into touring caves of different kinds, the term that you should use is caving.
Another significant difference in the terms is the reason for cave exploration. For spelunking, people engage in it for tourism purposes. When a person is touring a renowned cave to know what makes it famous, this is referred to as spelunking. In other words, spelunking is the use of a person’s leisure time to visit caves. It might be one’s hobby to visit caves. This implies that when you are referring to cave exploration from the perspective of enjoying your pastime or for fun, the appropriate term to use is spelunking. However, caving describes the exploration of caves as a means of understanding a particular phenomenon about them. It is mainly for scientific research. Scientists and professional cavers visit caves to discover essential facts about caves. So, when you are describing the educational or research-oriented activity of visiting caves, the right term to use is caving.
Experience is yet another distinguishing factor between spelunking and caving. Some caves are small, while others are big. Moreover, others are safe, while others are dangerous. This is where the difference between spelunking and caving comes to the fore. If you are new to cave exploration, it wouldn’t be a good idea to visit extensive and seemingly dangerous caves, especially if you don’t have someone to guide you through. This is not a big problem to a caver who has been exploring caves for years. This is where the experience factor comes in. If you are less experienced in cave exploration, the word that best describes this activity is spelunking. Conversely, if you are highly experienced in cave exploration, the best term to use when having such an activity is caving.
Preparation is also significant when describing the two terms. For spelunking, there is little to no preparation that one should make before making the trip. Since it is not a trip with a lot of goals, but only for fun, there is no need for preparation. It can be a random visit without paying much thought to what to expect on the ground. On the contrary, when a caver is going on a cave exploration trip, there is a lot of preparation that goes into it. One has to make sure that he has the right gear for protection, as well as all the tools and equipment needed during the trip. Therefore, when one is referring to a well prepared and planned trip, the best term to use is caving. Conversely, when it is not a prepared trip, the term that should be used is spelunking.
Spelunking vs. Caving Summary
The bottom line is that these two words can be confusing, especially for those who don’t know about the historical development of each. While they are used to refer to the practice of cave exploration, their usage is different. The point that emerges quite clearly is that caving is the common term or the term that most people use when referring to the exploration of caves. However, it’s imperative to take note that for countries that have non-English speakers, the word caving might not be used by a good number of people. For instance, in French-speaking countries, the word “speleo” might resonate better with them. Of great importance still, spelunking has evolved and developed other meanings that are not related to the actual practice of caving. Thus, caving is the term that most people use to refer to cave exploration.